বাংলাদেশের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টি (সিপিবি)’র একাদশ কংগ্রেসের দ্বিতীয় দিন ২৯ অক্টোবর ২০১৬ বিকাল ৩টায় জাতীয় প্রেসক্লাবের কনফারেন্স কক্ষে ‘সাম্রাজ্যবাদ, নয়া উদারনীতিবাদ ও ধর্মীয় মৌলবাদ’ বিষয়ক আন্তর্জাতিক সেমিনার অনুষ্ঠিত হয়। সেমিনারে বক্তব্য রাখেন ভারতের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টি (সিপিআই)’র কমরেড ডি রাজা, সিপিএমের কমরেড নীলোৎপল বসু, সিপিআই (এমএল)-এর কমরেড কে এন পিল্লাই রামচন্দ্র, শ্রীলঙ্কার কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির প্রেমাদারা দিশানায়েক, পাকিস্তানের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির কমরেড পীরজাদা আহমেদ বক্স, ব্রিটেনের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির নেতা জন ফস্টার, জার্মানির এমএলপিডির থমাস বেইসেনক্যাম্প, রাশিয়ার কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির আলেক্সান্ডার পোতাপভ ও নেপালের কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির মোহন বিক্রম সিং। কমিউনিস্ট পার্টির প্রেসিডিয়াম সদস্য হায়দার আকবর খান রনোর সভাপতিত্বে সেমিনারে আরও বক্তব্য রাখেন বাংলাদেশের সমাজতান্ত্রিক দল বাসদের সাধারণ সম্পাদক কমরেড খালেকুজ্জামান। সেমিনারে মূল প্রবন্ধ উপস্থাপন করেন যশোর বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ^বিদ্যালয়ের অধ্যাপক অভিনু কিবরিয়া ইসলাম।
সেমিনারে কমরেড খালেকুজ্জামান এর বক্তব্যের বাংলা অনুবাদ নিচে দেয়া হলো :
সিপিবি সম্মেলনে আমন্ত্রিত ভ্রাতৃপ্রতিম সংগঠনসমূহের নেতৃবৃন্দ, অতিথিবৃন্দ, কমরেড ও বন্ধুগণ। বাংলাদেশের সমাজতান্ত্রিক দল-বাসদ এর পক্ষ থেকে আমি আপনাদের অভিনন্দন ও বিপ্লবী শুভেচ্ছা জানাচ্ছি।
সম্মেলনের প্রকাশ্য অধিবেশনে ও এই সেমিনারে আপনাদের অংশগ্রহণ দেশের বাম প্রগতিশীল গণতান্ত্রিক শক্তিকে অনেক উৎসাহিত ও উদ্দীপ্ত করবে। সিপিবি এবং আমাদের সংগঠন ঐক্যবদ্ধভাবে সা¤্রাজ্যবাদ, পুঁজিবাদ ও মৌলবাদ বিরোধী গণতান্ত্রিক ও বিপ্লবী সংগ্রাম বিকাশের জন্য লড়ছি যা আপনাদের সংগ্রামী অভিজ্ঞতাপুষ্ট হয়ে আরও শক্তিশালী হবে মনে করি।
কমরেড ও বন্ধুগণ,
এবার আমি মূল আলোচ্য বিষয়ে সংক্ষেপে কিছু কথা বলতে চাই। সাম্রাজ্যবাদ থাকা মানে যুদ্ধ থাকা, কমরেড লেনিনের এই প্রতিপাদ্য আমরা সঠিক মনে করি এবং তার যথার্থতাও আমরা বর্তমান সময়ে দেখছি। সাম্রাজ্যবাদ যুদ্ধের শর্ত সৃষ্টি করে অন্যদিকে সমাজতন্ত্র এবং সমাজতন্ত্রের শক্তি বৃদ্ধি শান্তির শর্ত তৈরি করে। আজ সমাজতান্ত্রিক শিবির ও সমাজতান্ত্রিক আন্দোলনের অনুপস্থিতি ও দুর্বলতার কারণে সাম্রাজ্যবাদ স্থানীয় ও আঞ্চলিক যুদ্ধ চালিয়ে এক বৃহত্তর পরিসরে যুদ্ধের বিস্তার ঘটানোর পথে অগ্রসর হচ্ছে। আফগানিস্তান, ইরাক, লিবিয়া, সিরিয়ায় আগ্রাসন, দখল, লুণ্ঠন ও যুদ্ধাভিযান শেষ নয় এটা নতুন যুদ্ধ যুগের সূচনা মাত্র। পাশাপাশি চলছে অর্থনৈতিক-সাংস্কৃতিক লড়াই। সাম্রাজ্যবাদী-পুঁজিবাদী বিশ্ব সংকটের মুখে পুঁজির জোয়ার অনুন্নত বিশ্বের আনাচে কানাচে প্রবাহিত করে ভাটার টানে সকল সম্পদ সাম্রাজ্যবাদী ভাণ্ডারে জড়ো করার রেগান-থ্যাসারের ফর্মূলা নয়া উদারনীতিবাদী অর্থনীতি বা কথিত মুক্তবাজার অর্থনীতি। এর কুফল হলো ৯৯ ভাগ মানুষের সম্পদ ১ ভাগ মানুষের হাতে পুঞ্জিভূত করার ত্বরিত কৌশল। এই অনুসৃত নীতিতে ধনী দরিদ্রের অস্বাভাবিক বৈষম্য বৃদ্ধি এবং তার প্রতিক্রিয়া সমাজের সকল ভারসাম্য ভেঙ্গে পড়া দশাও আমরা আমাদের দেশে যেমন দেখছি তেমনি সারা বিশ্বে শুভবুদ্ধি সম্পন্ন, চিন্তাবিদ ও বুদ্ধিজীবীর ব্যাখ্যা বিশ্লেষণ, উদ্বেগ-উৎকণ্ঠাও দেখছি।
এত কৌশলের পরও সা¤্রাজ্যবাদ যখন সংকট কাটিয়ে উঠতে পারছে না তখন প্রতিক্রিয়ার সকল উপাদানকে যেমন চাঙ্গা করছে তেমনি ধর্মান্ধ মৌলবাদী শক্তিকেও ব্যবহার করছে। বর্ণবাদ, গোষ্ঠিদ্বন্দ্ব, মাফিয়াচক্রের লালন ও পৃষ্ঠপোষকতা এখন খোলামেলা বিষয়। ধর্মীয় মৌলবাদী শক্তির ব্যবহারের নমুনা একটি দৃষ্টান্ত থেকেই বুঝা সহজ। আলকায়েদা নেতা ওসামা বিন লাদেন ১৯৯৮ সালের ২৭ আগস্ট এএফপি’র সাথে এক সাক্ষাৎকারে বলেছিলেন, “পাকিস্তানি এবং আমেরিকান অফিসারদের দ্বারা প্রশিক্ষিত স্বেচ্ছাসেবকদের নিয়ে আমি পাকিস্তানে আমার প্রথম ক্যাম্প স্থাপন করি। যুক্ত রাষ্ট্রের পাঠানো অস্ত্র সরঞ্জাম ও সৌদি আরবের অর্থ নিয়ে …।” এই লাদেনকেই পরবর্তী সময়ে কাজ ফুরিয়ে গেলে আমেরিকা হত্যা করে লাশ সাগরে ফেলে দেয়। এখন আবার আইসিস নিয়ে একই খেলা চলছে।
আমরা তাই এ পরিস্থিতি উত্তরণে কয়েকটি প্রস্তাবনা রেখেছি-
১. সারা বিশ্বের সকল সমাজতান্ত্রিক শক্তির ঐক্য সাধন প্রক্রিয়ায় প্রথম, দ্বিতীয় ও তৃতীয় আন্তর্জাতিকের অনুরূপ একটি আন্তর্জাতিক প্রতিষ্ঠান গড়ে তোলার লক্ষ্যে আন্তর্জাতিক, আঞ্চলিক ও জাতীয় পর্যায়ে মতবাদিক সমালোচনা-আত্মসমালোচনা ও অভিজ্ঞতার বিনিময় করা
২. সাম্রাজ্যবাদ বিরোধী সকল শক্তি সমন্বয়ে যুদ্ধবিরোধী শান্তি আন্দোলনের লক্ষ্যে একটি আন্তর্জাতিক প্লাটফর্ম গড়ে তোলা ও আঞ্চলিক ও জাতীয় পর্যায়ে তাকে কার্যকর করা, যাতে সাম্রাজ্যবাদ বিরোধী একটি শক্তিশালী আন্দোলন বিশ্ব ব্যাপী গড়ে তোলা যায়।
৩. শ্রমিক শ্রেণির ট্রেড ইউনিয়ন আন্দোলনের ও কৃষক আন্দোলনের একটি আন্তর্জাতিক, আঞ্চলিক ও স্থানীয় সংহতি প্লাটফর্ম গড়ে তোলা, যাতে মুক্তবাজারী সাম্রাজ্যবাদী লুণ্ঠন ও পুঁজিবাদী শোষণ বিরোধী ও শ্রমিক-কৃষক অধিকার ও স্বার্থ বিরোধী আন্দোলন জোরদার করা যায়।
৪. সামরিক ব্যয় হ্রাস, অস্ত্র উৎপাদন বন্ধ ও সেই অর্থ শিক্ষা-চিকিৎসা খাতে ব্যয়ের দাবিতে বিশ্ব ছাত্র-যুবক সংহতি আন্দোলন আন্তর্জাতিক, আঞ্চলিক, জাতীয় ও প্রাতিষ্ঠানিক পর্যায়ে গড়ে তোলা।
পরিশেষে আমরা আশা করবো সিপিবি সম্মেলনে আগত অতিথিবৃন্দ এ ব্যাপারে আমাদেরকে আরও সমৃদ্ধ করতে পারবেন। সিপিবি-বাসদ ঐক্যবদ্ধ আন্দোলন দেশের মানুষের বিশেষ করে শ্রমজীবী শোষিত শ্রেণিসমূহের মাঝে যেমন আশা জাগ্রত করেছে তেমনি ভ্রাতৃপ্রতিম পার্টিসমূহের অভিজ্ঞতা বিনিময় ও যোগাযোগ সহযোগিতা আমাদের এগিয়ে চলা পথকে ত্বরান্বিত করবে।
নিচে সেমিনারের মূল বক্তব্য ও সেমিনারে উপস্থাপিত বক্তব্য দুদো দেওয়া হলো :
Comrade president, the honourable invited leaders, guests, comrades and friends,
I express warm welcome and revolutionary greetings on behalf of Socialist Party Of Bangladesh – SPB.
Your participation in the open session of the conference and this seminar will greatly encourage and inspire the left liberal forces of Bangladesh. We & CPB are jointly fighting to develop a revolutionary struggle in our country against capitalism, Imperialism and fundamentalism which will be strengthened by sharing our experiences of struggle.
Comrades and Friends,
Now in short I want to focus on our main topic of discussion. (Imperialism, Neo-liberalism and Religious fundamentalism) Comrade Lenin expressed that the existence of imperialism means the existence of war. We have seen the rightness of this saying in recent times and at present also. History says, Imperialism creates the conditions for war and Socialism and strength Socialist forces create the conditions for peace. As because there is absence and weakness of socialist polarity and socialist movement, Imperialism is advancing on the way of spreading war in a bigger arena by conducting wars locally and regionally. The invasion and exploitation of Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya & Syria is not the end of war, rather it’s the news beginning of the era of war. The economic and cultural exploitation is going on side by side. The neo-liberal economy or so called free market economy is actually Regan- Thatcher’s formula to push the flow of capital to the underdeveloped corners of the world and then again pull out the added wealth in the store of imperialism. It enhances quick method of capital accumulation that causes the wealth of 99% people to be handed over to 1%. Following this method increases the discrimination of rich and poor to rise greatly and that causes the breakdown of the balances of the society. We have observed this not only in our own country but also the concern and worries of the conscious and intellectuals all over the world.
As imperialism is not being able to recover its crisis after so many methods, it is reviving all the reactionary elements. Imperialism is also using the religious fundamentalist forces. Nowadays the rearing up and backing of racism, national conflicts and mafia nursing is an open secret. The using of religious fundamentalist forces can be understood from a simple example. The Al Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden said on a interview on 27th August,1998 to AFP – “ I established my first camp in Pakistan with the volunteers who were trained by American and Pakistani officers. I started it with the arms sent by the US and with the financial support from Saudi Arabia”. US killed the same Laden after getting his purpose served by him and threw his dead body in the ocean. Now it’s again playing the same game with ISIS.
So we are keeping some proposals to get over this situation –
- Ideological exchange, debate-discussion, exchange of experiences in national, regional and international arena with the aim of forming an international platform like first, second and third international to unify the socialist forces of the world.
- Forming an international platform for anti-war peace movement and activate it nationally and regionally to strengthen and spread the struggle against imperialism throughout the world.
- Forming an international platform for the trade union movement and the peasants movement to strengthen the fight in favour of the rights of labours and peasants and against the capitalist and neo-liberal exploitations.
- Forming an international student-youth movement nationally, regionally and internationally to fight against budget raise on military and arms and claim the budget raise on education and health instead.
Lastly we hope that the guests in the conference of CPB will enlighten and enrich us more in these perspectives. The joint struggle of CPB and our party SPB has created hope in the people of our country and specially in the exploited proletariat class. We hope that the communication, solidarity and exchange of experiences between our brotherly parties will strengthen our struggle.
Long live fraternity and solidarity movement
Long live Revolution
Long live CPB-SPB Solidarity.
Seminar paper by Khalequzzaman
Socialist party of bangladesh- SPB
Dhaka, 29 October, 2016
It is my pleasure to have this opportunity to express briefly our party’s stand on “Imperialism, Neo Liberalism and Religious Fundamentalism” in presence of such an august audience to-day on the occasion of the Congress of the Communist Party of Bangladesh.
Comrades, Neo Liberalism is a doctrine popularized by all sorts of media around the world as a panacea for the crises of capitalist system to-day. But, what is all about neo-liberalism? In the economic front, it identifies fiscal deficit as the primary concern for ill-health of the economy and thus makes curtailment of fiscal deficit as the fundamental task of fiscal policy. As a solution, it prescribes acceleration of trade liberalisation which implies doing away with all sorts of quantitative restrictions on imports on one hand and reducing customs tariffs on the other. No doubt, both ways it has far reaching negative implications on revenue. It opposes any type of barriers on free operation of large industrial capital, domestic and foreign. At the same time, it is in favour of providing a host of direct and indirect concessions to industry. No one should deny that, as a consequence of this policy, the tax base of the government would be reduced further. Moreover, it believes that providing a host of concessions to foreign investors should be beneficial for the domestic economy in a sense that they would hopefully build appropriate base in that country for world market production, which, in turn, would ensure growth and prosperity by creating job opportunities and enhancing direct and indirect economic activities.
What is the rationale behind fixing fiscal deficit as a primary obstacles of economic growth? According to neo-liberal economic philosophy, private investment would be crowded out due to the fear of uncertainty and undermining of investor confidence arising from large fiscal deficits. Another argument is that the imposition of import restrictions and tariffs counteracted the development of an efficient, competitive economy. Neo-liberalists claim that as the economy becomes more competitive through domestic deregulation and external opening-up, exports would surge and employment would expand rapidly. As a result, poverty would decline sharply as would unemployment. In reality, it has been proved that castles are built in the air.
People’s experiences of last few decades, however, suggest that neoliberalism not only restricts itself within the sphere of economy but the pervasiveness of the doctrine is such that it invades every sphere of society and politics. In the disguise of free-market fundamentalism which is proclaimed by the bourgeois ideologue as the economic principle commensurate with liberal democracy it actually silently ruins all the basic premises of democratic idealism. Neoliberalism has thus been one of the most treacherous, all-encompassing and dangerous ideologies of the present century. It is evident from the cruel fact that neo-liberalism does not even give way to any social relationship, whatever holy it might be, from its profane clutch of profit making. It reduces the warmth of relations between husband and wife, parents and children, teachers and students doctors and patients to that of supplier – client relationship. It is based on the belief that the market should determine everything – all political, social, and economic decisions. There is nothing like subsidies for public goods or the concept of welfare state or anything which is not commodified in neo-liberal system. Under neoliberalism, only plundering for profit is holy, anything else is profane. Polluting environment or despoiling inhabitants in the name of development is just so far as it makes benefit for the bourgeoisie. Rampal Coal-based Thermal Project within the vicinity of sensitive Sunderban Eco-System in our country is such an example. There are so many instances to be found in industry, agriculture and service sector.
The state now does not feel ashamed to make alliance openly with corporate capital and multinational corporations jeopardizing the interest of common poor folk. State is not ashamed to shake off responsibility of fulfilling minimum social needs for under-privileged citizens under neoliberalism. ‘Dis-investment’, ‘Deregulations’, ‘Privatizations’ etc. are few newly contributed concepts under neoliberalism which makes possible the giving away to the bourgeoisie the nation’s basic productive capacity which has been built over the years at the cost of sweat of millions of poor people. Neoliberalism is thus based on a principle, under a ‘free market’ veil, that establishes overwhelming control of ruling class over all material basis of accumulation at different spheres – the resources, the market (integrated internationally ), the state, the ideology, and the labour.
But, what is new in it? Nothing is new. Who abandoned “laissez-faire capitalism”? It is not only Marxists who oppose free-market economy but John Maynard Keynes, the renowned economist and the saviour of capitalism from the great depression of the 1930s, prescribed state intervention in order to save capitalism. Keynes was neither a socialist nor a communist but was a defender of the capitalist system. He visualized that few measures had to be incorporated into the capitalist system if it was to survive. What he recommended was “socialization of investment”, which implies state intervention to ensure full engagement of all idle productive factors. The critical argument that was raised by Prof. Keynes against irrationality of “laissez-faire capitalism” and, for which, he reasoned in favour of state intervention has never been effectively contested by neoliberalism. Keynesian prescription for survival of capitalism being failed to give result at present, neo-liberalism would not help to do so either, because it is actually old wine of pre-Keynesian period in a new bottle and would never be able to overcome the inherent crises of capitalism.
The present crises of capitalism are very acute in nature and deep-rooted. Particularly, the financial crisis which erupted in 2007-2008 and, as a consequence, continuance of global depression in the market exposed the real speculative nature of today’s capitalist system. What is more, that Keynesianism no longer provides any help is proved by the emergence of utterly speculative international finance market of gigantic nature that is based completely on fictitious capital. There is no respite from severe depressions following financial crises one after another. At the same time, the present state of functioning of this kind of ‘free market’ based wholly on fictitious capital without having the slightest connection with physical assets can not avoid repeated financial crisis. Even, the bail out packages of the state have the vicious effect in the sense that it makes speculators even more wild and irresponsible, and hence pave the way for future crises in a greater scale.
Karl Marx while studying the role of loan capital or interest bearing money-capital in banking and credit system of the money market, used the term ‘fictitious capital’ and provided a sketch of the concept. (Capital, Chapter 29, Vol-III) He highlighted that “With the development of interest-bearing capital and the credit system, all capital seems to double itself, and sometimes treble itself, by the various modes in which the same capital, or perhaps even the same claim on a debt, appears in different forms in different hands. The greater portion of this “money-capital” is purely fictitious”. Karl Marx did not have the opportunity to observe ‘finance capital’ since it had not developed at the time of Karl Marx. Obviously, it is now not in terms of ‘double’ or ‘treble’ but many many fold multiplied in volume. But if we extend the basic logic of Karl Marx, we would definitely be able to understand the fictitious nature of the present day international finance capital with such a gigantic volume. He pointed out the process by which capital becomes merely a paper claim without being supported by the existence of physical assets or wealth. he showed “ … a large portion of this money-capital is always necessarily purely fictitious, that is, a title to value.” (Capital, Chapter-32, Vol-III)
Where from this money-capital comes and why? Marx explained that “As for the other portion of profit, which is not intended to be consumed as revenue, it is converted into money-capital only when it is not immediately able to find a place for investment in the expansion of business in the productive sphere in which it has been made.” Thus, Marx observed that a certain amount of accumulation would not be able to find investment opportunity. However, Marx identified two reasons for this: (1) either the particular sphere of production is saturated with capital, or (2) volume of accumulation is not enough for new capital requirement. Hence, Marx assumed that not finding an investment opportunity and conversion into loanable money capital is a short-run phenomenon and this loanable money-capital may serve in the expansion of production in other spheres. (Capital, Chapter-32, Vol-III) Here lies the crux of the problem of the present capitalist system. While it was possible to get an investment opportunity for this temporarily converted money-capital either in the same sphere of business or else where in Marx’s time, at present the rate at which the volume of accumulation has been expanding does nor match in any way with the investment opportunity.
Marx could not finish his study of fictitious capital. However, Marx visualized that, it being the situation, it would have been a critical state of affairs for capitalism. Marx said “ But if this new accumulation meets with difficulties in its employment, through a lack of spheres for investment, i.e., due to a surplus in the branches of production and an over-supply of loan capital, this plethora of loanable money-capital merely shows the limitations of capitalist production.” (Capital, Chapter-32, Vol-III) This limitation becomes a permanent crisis-point of capitalism to-day. On the one hand, already employed factors of production have not been able to be fully utilized due to lack of effective demand and, on the other, for newer accumulation there is limited scope of investment opportunity. Hence, excess accumulation of surpluses has no other places to go except to speculative market. Following Marx’s logic, we now can explain the reason behind the rise of giant financial market – floating everyday sophisticated financial instruments like interest rate swaps, derivatives etc. – as an all embracing powerful institution parallel to the traditional banking system and insurance market.
Speculative market, however, has its own limitations. The system does not create any wealth or asset by itself. It is always a zero-sum game i.e., sum total of gain and loss is zero which implies that a gain of one must be equal to the loss of the other. Hence, the system can not expand and run longer without constant pumping of money from outside. Where from this money would come and who would supply that? We like to cite few actual data in order to explain the very fictitious nature of the situation.
Since, 2007-2008 debacle, there has been a market depression continuing in advanced capitalist countries. Excepting one or two big economies like China or India, there is hardly any positive growth rate in GDP. Market being stagnant, the scope of return on advances to the entrepreneurs for expansion of existing business or for newer business is considered to be bleak and uncertain by banks. For this reason, banks are not providing advances to the entrepreneurs and, instead investing in interest earning government’s bond for avoiding risk. This creates an acute shortage of liquidity in the market. It has a spiral and devastating effect in capitalist economy. Shortage of liquidity in the market would also dampen the asset price which, in turn, would badly affect the speculative market and can devastate the whole system. Situation is very much critical and there is no way out but to pump artificially created paper-money into the market without any backing of physical assets. This is what is being done by the Federal Bank of USA, European Central Bank and Bank of England in UK in the name of QE (Quantitative Easing). This is nothing but electronically transferred claim as money.
The Financial express (30th Oct, 2014) reported that “In the months after the crisis, the Fed bought $1.75 trillion in bonds. In 2010, with the recovery flagging, it bought $600 billion more in what was called QE2. In September 2012, with joblessness stubbornly high, the bank began snapping up $85 billion a month in Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities — QE3.” The Economist (9th March, 2015) reported that “Today the European Central Bank (ECB) launches its long-awaited programme of quantitative easing (or QE), adding lots of public debt to the private kind it has already been buying. Its monthly purchases will rise from around €13 billion ($14 billion) to €60 billion until at least September 2016.”
Consequences can be observed only if we consider the situation in debt market. Since the Great Recession of 2007, global debt has increased by $57000 billion till 2014, outpacing world GDP growth. In 2014 total global stock of debt stood at 286 percent of global GDP. (Source: Bank for International Settlements; Haver Analytics; World Economic Outlook (IMF); McKinsey Report) Along with it, global derivatives market stands at $553 trillion (Bank for International Settlements 2015, p-2). This amply explains that the whole neo-liberal capitalist system is actually a ‘house of cards’ made with fictitious capital which was explained by Karl Marx as money thrown into the speculative market for circulation as capital without any productive material base, simply a paper claim to wealth.
Comrades, we all know that Lenin characterized imperialism with the emergence of finance capital and financial oligarchy as one of its basic features. According to Lenin, finance capital is the merger of bank capital with industrial capital. We should notice the significant change that has taken place in world capitalism over the last few decades with respect to the changed character of international finance capital, which differs, in certain aspects, from what Lenin had written about hundred years back. At the time of Lenin, the finance capital was essentially based on and supported by a nation-state and, for which, Lenin categorically mentioned territorial division among them.
What we observe at present is that no territorial division exists with respect to unfettered movement of finance capital. It has now becomes “international” in the sense that it is indistinguishable as of any particular nation-state like American, British, German, French or any other country. Operation of finance capital world-wide is such that it is not always possible to identify as a capital of a particular nation-state or, for that reason, capital also has not been enjoying the support of a particular nation-state. It only runs after quick profit, mostly speculative in character, with its unfettered movement through out the world, without having any permanent links with particular industry. The nature of global fluidity of speculative finance is such that there is a converging point of interests of all the players and, market being integrated, any crisis affects everyone simultaneously.
It does not mean that rivalry among imperialist countries has withered away. Rivalry among imperialist powers exist for the reason of establishing domination over raw materials. Lenin wrote in his pamphlet Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism that “These monopolies are most firmly established when all the sources of raw materials are captured by one group, and we have seen with what zeal the international capitalist associations exert every effort to deprive their rivals of all opportunity of competing, to buy up, for example, ironfields, oilfields, etc. … The more capitalism is developed, the more strongly the shortage of raw materials is felt, the more intense the competition and the hunt for sources of raw materials throughout the whole world, the more desperate the struggle for the acquisition of colonies.” Conflictsbetween China and US along with its allies centering round South-China Sea, conflict between Russia and US-European alliance centering round Syrian policy in the middle-east and Ukrainian situation in the eastern Europe are ardent examples of contradictions between imperialist powers. Britain’s opting out from European Community is also another dimension of conflict of interest. Similarly, development of fissures between Greece and Euro-zone is also the fall-out of a type of rivalry between European countries,
We are for over few decades experiencing war in the middle-east, in Afghanistan and in Africa. Local war or creating war-like tensions in several places of the globe between different countries is another resort for survival of the advanced capitalist countries. It implies that countries involved in the war-like situation would make more and more provisions in their budget for war equipment. These equipment then would be supplied by those advanced imperialist countries. This helps to stimulate effective demand artificially. Finally we are heading towards a devastating war.
Comrades, Religious fundamentalism is an element which comes from communal race consciousness containing feudal era characteristics. As it played an immense reactionary role against the bourgeois class’s struggle for forming nation and their revolution for establishing nationstate, bourgeois class, at the time of their rise, gave birth to a conception of bourgeois democracy based on secularism by defeating it. But capitalism, after exhausting its relative progressive role and crossing monopoly, started to act as imperialism and to protect its existence by domination, exploitation and plunder, it is again using this reactionary thought and force, especially against the people’s democratic, progressive and revolutionary struggle. Regionalism, racism, racial clash, like all these retreating subjects, fanatic communalism is also being nourished by capitalism-imperialism. So the thought of confronting it by thinking it as completely separate from imperialism-capitalism would not be successful.
Religious fundamentalism, such as Christian fundamentalism, Hindu fundamentalism, Muslim fundamentalism etc do not appear in the same way or in the same appearance. Though for class interest, these have latent identical similarity. Again, even the expression of the same religious fundamentalism too arrives with some differences in different places and time. As for example, due to the difference in history, tradition and the building of social psychology, the context of our country does not match with Middle East or Arab, even it does not match completely with Pakistan. As we have seen that without imperialism’s assistance and ruling class’s patronization, it cannot take root in our society, we have also witnessed that when an incident like Holy Artizan’s happens, there cannot be found even a drop of support or sympathy for it. So, today, fight against religious fundamentalism should be joined with fight against capitalism-imperialism, and side by side, all the reactionary elements in politics, economics, education and culture.
humanitarian massacre due to rising trend of religious fundamentalism in the recent past in different parts of the globe is an issue which deserves to be discussed separately and at length. Possibly, more people have been killed in the name of religion during the last few years in the world than for any other reason. The killing spree, we know, is still continuing. Unfortunately, religion has become a symbol of terror, intimidation, violence, death, devastation, war, forced migration, rape, agony and what-not. It is very important task of every Marxist to analyze the situation objectively and with proper perspective in order to have a comprehensive understanding of the religious fundamentalism. It has many social aspects including history as well as geography and is not a single dimensional. However, considering the situation persists in the middle-east now, if I am allowed to indicate the cause without explaining much of the details, I would say that, at least, one of the major germane factors is imperialist interest. Western imperialist power has an interest to maintain control over the ‘oil-rich’ middle east and, fulfilling their objective, they prefer to keep living all types of sectarian forces, including religious fundamentalism. Fanaticism of religious fundamentalists seems to be handy to germinate hatred and conflict among the people. On the other hand, history of the middle east would reveal how western powers thwarted the emergence of progressive and democratic forces in this area from the very beginning of post-world-war period for the benefit of imperialist interest.
Coup against the elected prime minister of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddeq, in 1953 is an classic example. Mosaddeq’s policy of nationalization of oil industry which was duly approved by the parliament, went against the interest of US & UK alliance and they openly organised a coup. Irony is that the ‘so-called’ champions of democracy labeled Mosaddeq’s decision as “subversion of democracy” and justified their action. The then American ambassador to Iran said:
Only a coup d‘état can save the situation. Mosaddeq has so flattered the mob as the sources of his powers that he had, I fear, made it impossible for a successor to oust him by normal constitutional methods (Abrahamian, Ervand (2008): “A History of Modern Iran”, Cambridge University Press).
Same was the case in Bahrain when an elected government was ousted in 1973 for the reason that parliament decided to evict the American Naval base from their country. At the same time, they ruthlessly crushed all vibrant institutions of civil society and banned trade union activities. (Irfan Ahmad (2011): “ The Categorical Revolution: Democratic Uprising in the Middle East”)
History of Lebanon is also not different. It is now accepted fact that CIA supplied arms and ammunition to the Phalangist Party which was then pressed to liquidate the Palestinian guerillas and the Lebanese leftists. (Mehmood Hussain (1976): “Lebanon: Not Religious but Ideological Confrontation”) We can cite examples of Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Palestine and many more. It is now common knowledge that Al-Quada, Hamas, Boko Haram etc., all religious fundamentalist groups were formed, patronized by imperialist powers, particularly by US. One instance can make us clear. Osama Bin Laden, leader of Al-Qaeda, told in an interview with AFP on 27th August, 1998 “I established my first camp in Pakistan with the volunteers trained by Pakistani and American officers, with arms and ammunition sent by USA and money given by Saudi Arabia”. At the next stage, when America’s interest was over, they killed this Laden and threw his body into the sea. Now they are playing the same game with ISIS. We are, therefore, not surprised when US ambassador in Bangladesh certify Jamat-e-Islam as a democratic force while people of the country are demanding their banning.
Comrades, miseries of common people are growing day by day through out the world. Whatever promises have been made by the apologists of neo-liberal politics and economics, have proved beyond doubt to be a big hoax. There is no solace in neo-liberal rhetoric of the oppressed people. It is not the fact that they have decided not to keep their promises, the fact is that the system itself is anti-working class. Instead, it would impose brute oppression over working class and common people at large who are already in a wretched condition. The present condition of the working class, middle class, semi-middle class and job-less people all over the world exhibits true picture of neo-liberalism. Growing movements organised by this section of population in US, in Europe and in other parts of the world is the other side of the reality. Let us unite to fight, let us unite to combat, let us unite to abolish oppression and exploitation. To get over the situation we are keeping some proposal.
- In the process of uniting all the socialist forces of the whole world, with the goal of establishing one international organization similar to the first, second and third international, exchanging ideological criticism, self-criticism and experiences in international, regional and national level.
- With all the anti-imperialist forces together, with the aim of anti-war peace movement, establishing one international platform and making that platform effective in regional and national level, so that an anti-imperialist strong movement can be formed worldwide.
- Establishing one international, regional and local solidarity platform for the working class trade union movement and peasant movement, so that a movement can be strengthened against free market imperialist robbery and capitalist exploitation and anti-worker peasant right and interest.
- With the demand of decreasing military cost, closing production of weapons and spending the money on education-medical sector, forming world student-youth solidarity movement in international, regional, national and organizational level.
With above presentation I conclude.
Long Live Revolution